Early pregnancy loss, or miscarriage, occurs in approximately 15-20 percent of all pregnancies. Unfortunately, the incidence increases when you are older – in fact, it can be as high as 40% when a woman reaches age 40. When two or more consecutive miscarriages occur, the condition is termed recurrent pregnancy loss.
Some of the reasons for miscarriage are:
- Genetic factors such as chromosomal anomalies
- Anatomical factors such as unicornuate uterus, bicornuate Uterus, Septate Uterus, etc.
- Endocrinological disorders
- Immunological factors and thrombophilia
There is no single treatment that can prevent every kind of miscarriage, just as there is no single cause of miscarriage. But some treatments have been shown to improve the chances of a healthy pregnancy in particular cases. And there are also some general guidelines about reducing the risk of miscarriage.
Some miscarriages are caused by chance (e.g. a chromosome abnormality in the baby) and cannot be predicted or prevented. Fortunately, they are not very likely to happen again.
Some causes of miscarriage cannot be treated because as there is no way of changing the basic problem (e.g. a problem with the parents chromosomes), but parents may be advised to consider other options (like using donor eggs or sperm).
A thorough investigation of both partners to determine the underlying factors causing your miscarriages is the first step. This gives your specialist all the information that he/she need to figure out a course of action, be it medication, surgery or other alternatives.